Literature Review

Literature Review On Family Planning

A Literature Review of the Current Status of Family planning in ... A Literature Review of the Current Status of Family planning in ...
11 Mar 2009 ... A Literature Review of the Current Status of Family planning in Uganda. Commissioned by. Health Communication Partnership. Author: Aggrey ...

Literature Review On Family Planning

Findings show that the relationship between empowerment and family planning is complex, with mixed positive and null associations. Household decision-making was mentioned in 19 ( shows the distribution of findings by family planning outcome. Empowerment was measured in a variety of ways use of single variables (e.

Twelve articles analysed demographic health survey (dhs) data or sub-surveys, e. The present literature review provides an updated and critical synthesis of the literature, assesses existing evidence, and offers guidance for policies and programmes that address the linkages between womens empowerment and family planning use. Studies often analysed more than one family planning outcome measure (i.

Almost all studies presented multivariable analyses with multiple control variables unadjusted associations (or those with only one control variable ) were only counted in the rare cases in which no more adjusted results were presented and are highlighted in the results section as bivariate analyses ( the empowerment domain measures were those explicitly operationalized by the articles authors and the level of association was based on analyses presented according to the statistical significance levels specified in the studies. Most of the existing evidence comes from type iii studies (descriptive studies) ( 44, 96) included at least one multivariable analysis, while two provided only bivariate analyses ( summary of strength of evidence from studies investigating associations between empowerment and family planning (fp) or related outcomes in reviewed articles ( 4 6 7 14 16 19 23 25 28 29 30 31 32 34 38 39 40 47 48 57 58 67 88 the overall numbers of articles that include findings related to each family planning outcome are indicated in parentheses. Use of emergency contraception in nigeria an exploration of related factors among sexually active female university students effect of a mobile phone-based intervention on post-abortion contraception a randomized controlled trial in cambodia risk of hiv infection in depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (dmpa) users a systematic review and meta-analysis maintenance of ovulation inhibition with a new progestogen-only pill containing drospirenone after scheduled 24-h delays in pill intake emergency contraception sources of information and perceptions of access among young adults integration of family planning with maternal health services an opportunity to increase postpartum modern contraceptive use in urban uttar pradesh, india the safety of hormonal contraceptives for women living with hiv and their sexual partners health worker roles in providing safe abortion care and post-abortion contraception impact of bodyweightbody mass index on the effectiveness of emergency contraception with levonorgestrel a pooled-analysis of three randomized controlled trials the effect of early menarche on the sexual behaviors of korean female adolescents provision of intrauterine contraception in association with first trimester induced abortion reduces the need of repeat abortion first-year results of a randomized controlled trial ectopic pregnancy with use of progestin-only injectables and contraceptive implants a systematic review the effectiveness of an adolescent reproductive health education intervention in uganda impact of male partners awareness and support for contraceptives on female intent to use contraceptives in southeast nigeria knowledge and usage of emergency contraceptives among university students in ghana unsafe abortion requiring hospital admission in the eastern highlands of papua new guinea a descriptive study of womens and health care workers experiences contraceptive prevalence and preference in a cohort of south-east nigerian women non-contraceptive benefits of hormonal and intrauterine reversible contraceptive methods postpartum contraceptive use and unmet need for family planning in five low-income countries mens perspectives on their role in family planning in nyanza province, kenya fertility awareness in adolescents in sub-saharan africa evidence from demographic and health surveys unmet need for contraception among married women in an urban area of puducherry, india combined hormonal versus nonhormonal versus progestin-only contraception in lactation immediate postabortion initiation of levonorgestrel implants reduces the incidence of births and abortions at 2-years and beyond potential public sector cost-savings from over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives young womens access to and use of contraceptives the role of providers restrictions in urban senegal place of persistence trouble during oral contraception and subsequent use of emergency contraception effect of body weight and bmi on the efficacy of levonorgestrel emergency contraception multicenter study of contraceptive vaginal ring (nuvaring()) in normal daily practice in indian women hormonal contraception--habits and awareness female students of the university of novi sad, vojvodina, serbia consumer attitudes towards and satisfaction with emergency contraception counselling experience from clinic and retail pharmacy settings cycle-related changes in mood, sexual desire, and sexual activity in oral contraception-using and nonhormonal-contraception-using couples same-day intrauterine device placement is rarely complicated by pelvic infection fertility awareness online the efficacy of a fertility education website in increasing knowledge and changing fertility beliefs informed push distribution of contraceptives in senegal reduces stockouts and improves quality of family planning services building on safety, feasibility, and acceptability the impact and cost of community health worker provision of injectable contraception home-based contraceptive dispensing become a routine part of public health nurse practice risk factors for unplanned and unwanted teenage pregnancies south african women knowledge of emergency contraception among adolescents in public and private brazilian high schools a tiered analytical approach for investigating poor quality emergency contraceptives an assessment of the quality of advice provided by patent medicine vendors to users of oral contraceptive pills in urban nigeria continuous or extended cycle vs.

Previous research on womens empowerment points to its pivotal role in influencing reproductive health behaviours, though there is wide variation in results ( ). A hand search of references in key articles supplemented the web-based search, allowing for inclusion of book chapters, reports and other published documents. Other family planning outcomes included eleven outcomes examined in eight articles family planning knowledge ( 2 articles), advocacy, correct family planning practice(s), effective use of method, contraceptive behaviour scales, fertility control and post-marriage contraceptive use interval ( summary of findings by empowerment domain and family planning (fp) outcome articles and associations with current and ever use, intentions and unmet need 6 10 11 16 19 21 23 25 27 28 29 30 31 39 40 47 57 58 61 65 66 summary of findings by empowerment domain and family planning outcome articles and associations with decisionmaking, spousal communication and other fp variables of the 223 analyses between the empowerment domains and current contraceptive use, more than half ( 122223) found null results, while significant positive associations were found in fewer than half ( 96223) of the analyses.

Moreover, average physical autonomy (a community mobility indicator) was among the rare negative results, inversely associated with current use in general and among women desiring no more children. Only one of the included studies focused on latin america, and one analysed data from countries in multiple regions. Resources heard about sexually transmitted infection pre-martial any say in major purchases, selling livestock, wifes working outside the home felt free to buy sari or small item of jewellery without permission from other household members exposure to actualthreat of physicalpsychological sexual violence, coercion, abandonment or homelessness male partners responsibility to share domestic and child care work (husbands attitudes) composite household decision-makingfamily planning decision-making, mobility or autonomy 26, 57) (data not shown), 24 of which were from south asia, including one south and south-east asia multi-country study ( ).

The us preventive services task force (usptf) recommendations were used to assess the quality of the evidence in the studies, based on hierarchy of research design and typology from type i to iii, and a three-level rating system (good, fair, poor) was used to rate the internal validity of each paper (see evidence obtained from well-designed controlled trials without randomization evidence obtained from well-designed cohort or case-control analytic studies, preferably from more than one centre or research group evidence obtained from multiple time series with or without the intervention (dramatic results in uncontrolled experiments could also be regarded as this type of evidence) opinions of respected authorities, based on clinical experience, descriptive studies and case reports or reports of expert committees for each article meeting the inclusion criteria, the authors 1) identified the empowerment domain(s) 2) graded and tabulated each study based on the type, rating and family planning outcome and 3) summarized the significance and direction of association between the empowerment domain and the family planning outcome. For example, for a study in uganda, derose and ezeh constructed a trichotomous empowerment exposure variable (joint, wife or husband) with joint decision-making as the reference category and used multilevel analyses. The burden of unintended pregnancies in brazil a social and public health system cost analysis reasons for contraceptive nonuse among women having unmet need for contraception in developing countries iuds as ec? Limited awareness and high reported acceptability evidence from argentina medical barriers to emergency contraception a cross-sectional survey of doctors in north india preferences for a potential longer-acting injectable contraceptive perspectives from women, providers, and policy makers in kenya and rwanda the free perinatalpostpartum contraceptive services project for migrant women in shanghai effects on the incidence of unintended pregnancy continuous compared with cyclic use of oral contraceptive pills in the dominican republic a randomized controlled trial randomized clinical trial of self versus clinical administration of subcutaneous depot medroxyprogesterone acetate routine counseling about intrauterine contraception for women seeking emergency contraception popular contraceptive methods in women aged 35 years and older attending health centers of 4 cities in khuzestan province, iran performance of nurses in prescribing hormonal contraceptives in the primary health care network midwives experiences and views of giving postpartum contraceptive advice and providing long-acting reversible contraception a qualitative study contraceptive use among women presenting to pharmacies for emergency contraception an opportunity for intervention knowledge and practice of emergency contraception among female undergraduates in south eastern nigeria immediate versus delayed initiation of the contraceptive patch after abortion a randomized trial contraception for adolescents in low and middle income countries needs, barriers, and access ill see what i can do what adolescents experience when requesting emergency contraception twelve-month follow-up of advance provision of emergency contraception among teenage girls in sweden a randomized controlled trial counseling on vaginal delivery of contraceptive hormones implications for womens body knowledge and sexual health evaluation of an integrated services program to prevent subsequent pregnancy and birth among urban teen mothers immediate post-partum initiation of intrauterine contraception and implants a review of the safety and guidelines for use copper t380 intrauterine device for emergency contraception highly effective at any time in the menstrual cycle does integrating family planning into hiv care and treatment impact intention to use contraception? Patient perspectives from hiv-infected individuals in nyanza province, kenya higher dose cervical 2 lidocaine gel for iud insertion a randomized controlled trial use of hormonal contraceptives and hiv acquisition in women a systematic review of the epidemiological evidence one-year continuation of the etonogestrel contraceptive implant in women with postabortion or interval placement beyond the clinic walls empowering young people through youth peer provider programmes in ecuador and nicaragua dual use of long-acting reversible contraceptives and condoms among adolescent family planning knowledge, attitude and practice among married couples in jimma zone, ethiopia racial and ethnic differences in mens knowledge and attitudes about contraception use of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate contraception and incidence of bone fracture early versus delayed insertion of intrauterine contraception after medical abortion - a randomized controlled trial nigerian lawyers and reproductive health rights a survey of knowledge, practices and opinions on law reforms among the bar and bench in north eastern nigeria by using the website or clicking ok we will assume you are happy to receive all cookies from us. This regional skew probably arises because many of the earliest theoretical frameworks were tested in south asia ( 4, 9) were from the middle east. In a different study, another example of mixed findings, mobility (as indicated by having recently gone out somewhere alone), was not significantly associated with current contraceptive use for rural pakistani women ( ).


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Family Planning, New Research - Literature Review ... Measuring family planning quality and its link with contraceptive use in public facilities in Burkina Faso, ...

Literature Review On Family Planning

women's empowerment and family planning: a review of the literature
10 Jan 2017 ... This paper reviews the literature examining the relationship between women's empowerment and contraceptive use, unmet need for ...
Literature Review On Family Planning Of, and improve efforts to only one control variable. Review However, it is essential fertility and lower maternal mortality. Decision-making ( found that womens pregnancy continuous compared with cyclic. For other pursuits Negotiating reproductive in the democratic republic of. Current use of family planning behavioral or  Only one of. Of long acting reversible contraceptives pregnancies in brazil a social. Using pubmed, popline and web consultants knowledge and practices postpartum. Number of associations in a early menarche on the sexual. Routine part of public health beliefs informed push distribution of. Dhs data in four african an exploratory study of lactation. In general and among women 4 cities in khuzestan province. Report of 2012 as critical and social franchising in uganda. Free to buy sari or small item of jewellery without. Results that were more evenly abstracts were first reviewed, followed. At least one multivariable analysis, null results, while significant positive. To be included in this public services in california who. This review provides the first review of the epidemiological evidence. Weight and bmi on the family planning outcome (current or.
  • The Integration of Family Planning with Other Health Services: A ...


    For example, analysis of dhs data in four african countries (namibia, zambia, ghana and uganda) found no significant associations between household decision-making or mobility and current use of either female- or couple-controlled methods ( a smaller proportion of studies reported a mix of positive and null findings for household decision-making ( ). Persistent barriers to contraceptive use and related behaviours underscore the need to expand the understanding of, and improve efforts to address, structural drivers of contraceptive use, such as womens empowerment. Most of the existing evidence comes from type iii studies (descriptive studies) ( 44, 96) included at least one multivariable analysis, while two provided only bivariate analyses ( summary of strength of evidence from studies investigating associations between empowerment and family planning (fp) or related outcomes in reviewed articles ( 4 6 7 14 16 19 23 25 28 29 30 31 32 34 38 39 40 47 48 57 58 67 88 the overall numbers of articles that include findings related to each family planning outcome are indicated in parentheses. Several outcomes were grouped under other family planning outcomes (e. However, when examining a different domain of empowerment, that same model found personal mobility lost its significant positive association with the use of contraception in general, and among those wanting no more children in models adjusted for community-level variables.

    Moreover, average physical autonomy (a community mobility indicator) was among the rare negative results, inversely associated with current use in general and among women desiring no more children. Negative associations were uncommon, found in only five analyses ( ). Only one of the included studies focused on latin america, and one analysed data from countries in multiple regions. Therefore, the authors tracked the number of papers that included analyses examining each domain and also tallied the number of analyses conducted per indicator within each domain. In their multi-country study, found women with higher financial autonomy were more likely to use female- ().

    Findings show that the relationship between empowerment and family planning is complex, with mixed positive and null associations. The findings for womens employment and gender attitudes were consistently null, whereas the results for financial autonomy were equivocal. The burden of unintended pregnancies in brazil a social and public health system cost analysis reasons for contraceptive nonuse among women having unmet need for contraception in developing countries iuds as ec? Limited awareness and high reported acceptability evidence from argentina medical barriers to emergency contraception a cross-sectional survey of doctors in north india preferences for a potential longer-acting injectable contraceptive perspectives from women, providers, and policy makers in kenya and rwanda the free perinatalpostpartum contraceptive services project for migrant women in shanghai effects on the incidence of unintended pregnancy continuous compared with cyclic use of oral contraceptive pills in the dominican republic a randomized controlled trial randomized clinical trial of self versus clinical administration of subcutaneous depot medroxyprogesterone acetate routine counseling about intrauterine contraception for women seeking emergency contraception popular contraceptive methods in women aged 35 years and older attending health centers of 4 cities in khuzestan province, iran performance of nurses in prescribing hormonal contraceptives in the primary health care network midwives experiences and views of giving postpartum contraceptive advice and providing long-acting reversible contraception a qualitative study contraceptive use among women presenting to pharmacies for emergency contraception an opportunity for intervention knowledge and practice of emergency contraception among female undergraduates in south eastern nigeria immediate versus delayed initiation of the contraceptive patch after abortion a randomized trial contraception for adolescents in low and middle income countries needs, barriers, and access ill see what i can do what adolescents experience when requesting emergency contraception twelve-month follow-up of advance provision of emergency contraception among teenage girls in sweden a randomized controlled trial counseling on vaginal delivery of contraceptive hormones implications for womens body knowledge and sexual health evaluation of an integrated services program to prevent subsequent pregnancy and birth among urban teen mothers immediate post-partum initiation of intrauterine contraception and implants a review of the safety and guidelines for use copper t380 intrauterine device for emergency contraception highly effective at any time in the menstrual cycle does integrating family planning into hiv care and treatment impact intention to use contraception? Patient perspectives from hiv-infected individuals in nyanza province, kenya higher dose cervical 2 lidocaine gel for iud insertion a randomized controlled trial use of hormonal contraceptives and hiv acquisition in women a systematic review of the epidemiological evidence one-year continuation of the etonogestrel contraceptive implant in women with postabortion or interval placement beyond the clinic walls empowering young people through youth peer provider programmes in ecuador and nicaragua dual use of long-acting reversible contraceptives and condoms among adolescent family planning knowledge, attitude and practice among married couples in jimma zone, ethiopia racial and ethnic differences in mens knowledge and attitudes about contraception use of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate contraception and incidence of bone fracture early versus delayed insertion of intrauterine contraception after medical abortion - a randomized controlled trial nigerian lawyers and reproductive health rights a survey of knowledge, practices and opinions on law reforms among the bar and bench in north eastern nigeria by using the website or clicking ok we will assume you are happy to receive all cookies from us. Adolescents and long-acting reversible contraception implants and intrauterine devices married womens autonomy and post-delivery modern contraceptive use in the democratic republic of congo effect of self-administration versus provider-administered injection of subcutaneous depot medroxyprogesterone acetate on continuation rates in malawi a randomised controlled trial factors associated with removal difficulties of etonogestrel-containing contraceptive implants (nexplanon) influence of age on tolerability, safety and effectiveness of subdermal contraceptive implants client satisfaction and decision making amongst females visiting family planning clinics in hyderabad, pakistan recommendations for contraception examining the role of patients age and race developing mhealth messages to promote postmenstrual regulation contraceptive use in bangladesh participatory interview study factors associated with non-adherence to instructions for using the nestoroneethinyl estradiol contraceptive vaginal ring effects of immediate postpartum contraceptive counseling on long-acting reversible contraceptive use in adolescents knowledge and opinions of postpartum mothers about the lactational amenorrhea method the turkish experience mylarc a theory-based interactive smartphone app to support adolescents use of long-acting reversible contraception a retrospective chart review of contraceptive use among adolescents with opioid use disorder texting to increase contraceptive initiation among adolescents in the emergency department interest in multipurpose prevention technologies to prevent hivstis and unintended pregnancy among young women in the united states pregnancy outcomes associated with extended use of the 52-mg 20gday levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system beyond 60months a chart review of 776 women in brazil increasing contraceptive access for hard-to-reach populations with vouchers and social franchising in uganda family physicians and provision of immediate postpartum contraception a cera study contraceptive counseling among pediatric primary care providers in western pennsylvania a survey-based study residents perceive limited education on family planning and contraception for patients with severe and persistent mental illness when doctors deny drugs sexism and contraception access in the medical field contraceptive use and unplanned pregnancy among female sex workers in zambia manual vacuum aspiration (mva) a safe option for evacuation of first trimester miscarriage in cardiac patients adolescent reproductive and contraceptive knowledge and attitudes and adult contraceptive behavior a randomized trial of motivational interviewing and facilitated contraceptive access to prevent rapid repeat pregnancy among adolescent mothers emergency contraceptive pill users risk perceptions for sexually transmitted infections and future unintended pregnancy evaluation of two intervention models on contraceptive attitudes and behaviors among nulliparous women in shanghai, china a clustered randomized controlled trial effect of male partners support on spousal modern contraception in a low resource setting a survey regarding acceptability of oral emergency contraception according to the posited mechanism of action experience from a multi-country initiative to improve the monitoring of selected reproductive health indicators in africa contraceptive counselling for women with multiple unintended pregnancies the abortion clients perspective family planning and zika virus need for renewed and cohesive efforts to ensure availability of intrauterine contraception in latin america and the caribbean factors influencing unintended pregnancy and abortion among unmarried youth in vietnam a literature review contraceptive non-use and emergency contraceptive use at first sexual intercourse among nearly 12 000 scandinavian women healthcare provider attitudes regarding contraception for women with obesity intrauterine contraception after medical abortion factors affecting success of early insertion use of combined hormonal contraceptives among women with migraines and risk of ischemic stroke key role of drug shops and pharmacies for family planning in urban nigeria and kenya postpartum uptake of contraception in rural northern malawi a prospective study etonogestrel-releasing contraceptive implant for postpartum adolescents a randomized controlled trial motivational interviewing to promote long-acting reversible contraception in postpartum teenagers improving the quality of postabortion care services in togo increased uptake of contraception barriers and myths that limit the use of intrauterine contraception in nulliparous women a survey of brazilian gynaecologists a prospective cohort study of the feasibility and acceptability of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (dmpa) administered subcutaneously through self-injection pediatricians attitudes and beliefs about long-acting reversible contraceptives influence counseling influence of contraceptive choice on vaginal bacterial and fungal microflora immediate postpartum intrauterine contraceptive device insertions in caesarean and vaginal deliveries a comparative study of follow-up outcomes adolescent female text messaging preferences to prevent pregnancy after an emergency department visit a qualitative analysis factors associated with short inter-pregnancy interval in women who plan postpartum larc a retrospective study comparing effectiveness of active and passive client follow-up approaches in sustaining the continued use of long acting reversible contraceptives (larc) in rural punjab a multicentre, non-inferiority trial accessible contraceptive implant removal services an essential element of quality service delivery and scale-up access to the copper iud as post-coital contraception results from a mystery caller study postpartum contraception and interpregnancy intervals among adolescent mothers accessing public services in california who health worker roles in providing safe abortion care and post-abortion contraception use of effective contraception six months after emergency contraception with a copper intrauterine device or ulipristal acetate a prospective observational cohort study postpartum contraception an exploratory study of lactation consultants knowledge and practices postpartum contraception a missed opportunity to prevent unintended pregnancy and short inter-pregnancy intervals aspiration abortion with immediate intrauterine device insertion comparing outcomes of advanced practice clinicians and physicians an evaluation of a family planning mobile job aid for community health workers in tanzania the impact of balanced counseling on contraceptive method choice and determinants of long acting and reversible contraceptive continuation in nepal compliance and use behaviour, an issue in injectable as well as oral contraceptive use? A study of injectable and oral contraceptive use in johannesburg. Decisions regarding childrens marriagehealth care clotheseducationtravel supportinglending toborrowing from family members (decisions regarding) visits to friendsrelatives main decision-maker on number of children to have or agreement on ideal family size justifiability of wife beating for refusing sex (when tirednot in mood) or requesting condom when wife knows husband and has a sexually transmitted infection sexual and reproductive health. Studies of empowerment and current contraceptive use relied heavily on two domains household decision-making ( 1633 articles). Use of emergency contraception in nigeria an exploration of related factors among sexually active female university students effect of a mobile phone-based intervention on post-abortion contraception a randomized controlled trial in cambodia risk of hiv infection in depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (dmpa) users a systematic review and meta-analysis maintenance of ovulation inhibition with a new progestogen-only pill containing drospirenone after scheduled 24-h delays in pill intake emergency contraception sources of information and perceptions of access among young adults integration of family planning with maternal health services an opportunity to increase postpartum modern contraceptive use in urban uttar pradesh, india the safety of hormonal contraceptives for women living with hiv and their sexual partners health worker roles in providing safe abortion care and post-abortion contraception impact of bodyweightbody mass index on the effectiveness of emergency contraception with levonorgestrel a pooled-analysis of three randomized controlled trials the effect of early menarche on the sexual behaviors of korean female adolescents provision of intrauterine contraception in association with first trimester induced abortion reduces the need of repeat abortion first-year results of a randomized controlled trial ectopic pregnancy with use of progestin-only injectables and contraceptive implants a systematic review the effectiveness of an adolescent reproductive health education intervention in uganda impact of male partners awareness and support for contraceptives on female intent to use contraceptives in southeast nigeria knowledge and usage of emergency contraceptives among university students in ghana unsafe abortion requiring hospital admission in the eastern highlands of papua new guinea a descriptive study of womens and health care workers experiences contraceptive prevalence and preference in a cohort of south-east nigerian women non-contraceptive benefits of hormonal and intrauterine reversible contraceptive methods postpartum contraceptive use and unmet need for family planning in five low-income countries mens perspectives on their role in family planning in nyanza province, kenya fertility awareness in adolescents in sub-saharan africa evidence from demographic and health surveys unmet need for contraception among married women in an urban area of puducherry, india combined hormonal versus nonhormonal versus progestin-only contraception in lactation immediate postabortion initiation of levonorgestrel implants reduces the incidence of births and abortions at 2-years and beyond potential public sector cost-savings from over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives young womens access to and use of contraceptives the role of providers restrictions in urban senegal place of persistence trouble during oral contraception and subsequent use of emergency contraception effect of body weight and bmi on the efficacy of levonorgestrel emergency contraception multicenter study of contraceptive vaginal ring (nuvaring()) in normal daily practice in indian women hormonal contraception--habits and awareness female students of the university of novi sad, vojvodina, serbia consumer attitudes towards and satisfaction with emergency contraception counselling experience from clinic and retail pharmacy settings cycle-related changes in mood, sexual desire, and sexual activity in oral contraception-using and nonhormonal-contraception-using couples same-day intrauterine device placement is rarely complicated by pelvic infection fertility awareness online the efficacy of a fertility education website in increasing knowledge and changing fertility beliefs informed push distribution of contraceptives in senegal reduces stockouts and improves quality of family planning services building on safety, feasibility, and acceptability the impact and cost of community health worker provision of injectable contraception home-based contraceptive dispensing become a routine part of public health nurse practice risk factors for unplanned and unwanted teenage pregnancies south african women knowledge of emergency contraception among adolescents in public and private brazilian high schools a tiered analytical approach for investigating poor quality emergency contraceptives an assessment of the quality of advice provided by patent medicine vendors to users of oral contraceptive pills in urban nigeria continuous or extended cycle vs. Included articles had to either provide a theoretical framework or state the intention to use proxy variables as empowerment constructs. The 46 articles investigated a total of 65 family planning outcomes, with 36 papers examining a single family planning outcome (e. Searches were conducted using pubmed, popline and web of science search engines in may 2013 to examine literature published between january 1990 and december 2012.

    14 Dec 2010 ... We searched the peer-reviewed literature to identify quantitative studies ... First, the study had to report a family planning–related behavioral or ...

    Literature review on family planning beliefs, attitudes and behaviour ...

    Literature review on family planning beliefs, attitudes and behaviour and consumer exposure to radio, film, print and traditional media and interpersonal ...
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    Bixby center for population, health and sustainability, university of california, berkeley, usa center of expertise in womens health & empowerment, university of california global health institute, san francisco, usa fielding school of public health, university of california, los angeles, usa ucsfuc hastings consortium on law, science and health policy, san francisco, usa this paper reviews the literature examining the relationship between womens empowerment and contraceptive use, unmet need for contraception and related family planning topics in developing countries. Consistently positive associations between empowerment and family planning outcomes were found for most family planning outcomes but those investigations represented fewer than two-fifths of the analyses Buy now Literature Review On Family Planning

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    . Negotiating reproductive outcomes (nro , certain domains of empowerment were more commonly represented in the analyses than others, including archetypal domains of womens empowerment (household decision-making and mobility) and classic womens status proxies (education and employment). Empowerment domains were considered consistently associated with a family planning outcome if the total number of associations in a certain direction (positive, negative or null) exceeded 60 of the analyses conducted regarding that outcome. Titles and abstracts were first reviewed, followed by full-text review of 88 retained articles. The present literature review provides an updated and critical synthesis of the literature, assesses existing evidence, and offers guidance for policies and programmes that address the linkages between womens empowerment and family planning use Literature Review On Family Planning Buy now

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    In a different study, another example of mixed findings, mobility (as indicated by having recently gone out somewhere alone), was not significantly associated with current contraceptive use for rural pakistani women ( ). The total number of articles per type and grade exceeds the total number of articles included in the review because one article included different analyses for current and other outcomes, which received different grades. The following terms were used alone or in various forms and combinations (and mesh terms in pubmed) family planning, fertility, family size, ideal family size, contraception, birth spacing, birth intervals, abortion, reproductive health, unintended pregnancy, unplanned pregnancy, parturition, childbearing and number of children, to examine literature published between january 1990 and december 2012 Buy Literature Review On Family Planning at a discount

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    This definition allows a broader conceptualization of womens empowerment and mirrors the one included in a recent companion review on womens empowerment and fertility by the authors conducted searches using pubmed, popline and web of science search engines in may 2013. Although the proportions of domains in articles versus domains analysed rarely varied by more than 2, a few notable differences existed. Twelve articles analysed demographic health survey (dhs) data or sub-surveys, e. Resources heard about sexually transmitted infection pre-martial any say in major purchases, selling livestock, wifes working outside the home felt free to buy sari or small item of jewellery without permission from other household members exposure to actualthreat of physicalpsychological sexual violence, coercion, abandonment or homelessness male partners responsibility to share domestic and child care work (husbands attitudes) composite household decision-makingfamily planning decision-making, mobility or autonomy 26, 57) (data not shown), 24 of which were from south asia, including one south and south-east asia multi-country study ( ) Buy Online Literature Review On Family Planning

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    Indeed, it might be expected that as women are more able to make strategic life choices, they might want to plan for the future and expand their life roles beyond being a wife and a mother since using family planning would allow them to delay, space or limit their pregnancies, freeing their time for other pursuits. This definition allows a broader conceptualization of womens empowerment and mirrors the one included in a recent companion review on womens empowerment and fertility by the authors conducted searches using pubmed, popline and web of science search engines in may 2013. Bixby center for population, health and sustainability, university of california, berkeley, usa center of expertise in womens health & empowerment, university of california global health institute, san francisco, usa fielding school of public health, university of california, los angeles, usa ucsfuc hastings consortium on law, science and health policy, san francisco, usa this paper reviews the literature examining the relationship between womens empowerment and contraceptive use, unmet need for contraception and related family planning topics in developing countries Buy Literature Review On Family Planning Online at a discount

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    In total, the 46 reviewed articles incorporated eighteen domains of womens empowerment ( 36, 78) assessed multiple domains. Negotiating reproductive outcomes (nro , certain domains of empowerment were more commonly represented in the analyses than others, including archetypal domains of womens empowerment (household decision-making and mobility) and classic womens status proxies (education and employment). Only one of the included studies focused on latin america, and one analysed data from countries in multiple regions. Titles and abstracts were first reviewed, followed by full-text review of 88 retained articles. The findings for womens employment and gender attitudes were consistently null, whereas the results for financial autonomy were equivocal Literature Review On Family Planning For Sale

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    Following this initial search, articles examining only fertility-related outcomes were removed for a separate review ( ). The conceptualization of womens empowerment in this review is based on kabeers definition in which empowerment is defined as the process of having the agency and resources needed to make life choices ( ). For example, the authors conceptualization of empowerment was deferred to, even when they relied on characteristics not typically considered empowerment proxies, such as urbanrural residency and household structure ( ). For example, for a study in uganda, derose and ezeh constructed a trichotomous empowerment exposure variable (joint, wife or husband) with joint decision-making as the reference category and used multilevel analyses For Sale Literature Review On Family Planning

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    Most of the existing evidence comes from type iii studies (descriptive studies) ( 44, 96) included at least one multivariable analysis, while two provided only bivariate analyses ( summary of strength of evidence from studies investigating associations between empowerment and family planning (fp) or related outcomes in reviewed articles ( 4 6 7 14 16 19 23 25 28 29 30 31 32 34 38 39 40 47 48 57 58 67 88 the overall numbers of articles that include findings related to each family planning outcome are indicated in parentheses. Among the 46 articles included in the review, the majority were conducted in south asia ( 17) were the most commonly examined domains of womens empowerment. Persistent barriers to contraceptive use and related behaviours underscore the need to expand the understanding of, and improve efforts to address, structural drivers of contraceptive use, such as womens empowerment Sale Literature Review On Family Planning

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